<rt id="6oue2"><center id="6oue2"></center></rt>
Global EditionASIA 中文雙語Fran?ais
Home / Opinion / Op-Ed Contributors

WTO entry a win-win for all

By Yi Xiaozhun | China Daily | Updated: 2021-12-11 08:39
Share - WeChat
Li Min/China Daily

China's accession to the World Trade Organization in December 2001 has proven to be one of the most significant economic events in modern world history, as it created a win-win outcome for all.

By bringing China under its umbrella, the WTO took a huge step toward achieving its goal of universal membership and inclusiveness. As a result of China's accession, one of the world's biggest economies is now playing by the same multilaterally agreed rule book as the other major trading countries. This is no small achievement, particularly in terms of strengthening global trade governance and the multilateral trading system.

China's accession has also inspired many other developing countries to join the WTO.

Since 2001, both China and the world have seen trade flows rise dramatically, with China experiencing a more than seven-fold increase in the volume of its merchandize exports and a nearly six-fold increase in imports, while the volume of world trade during the period nearly doubled.

China also became a leading exporter and importer of services after joining the WTO. But for all the attention given to China's rise as an export powerhouse, people have focused much less on its imports. For instance, merchandize imports by China increased from $244 billion in 2001, to $2.06 trillion last year (or 12 percent of global merchandize trade). This significant contribution of China to the world economy is too often overlooked.

In order to better understand the economic implications of China's accession to the WTO, we need to only look at China's rank and share in the exports of major economies over time. For example, China went from being the 11th largest export destination of the United States in 2001, accounting for less than 2 percent of US exports, to being its third-largest export partner, absorbing 9 percent of US exports.

Among developing economies, South Africa is a representative example. China was South Africa's top export destination in 2020, up from 17th place in 2001. During this period the share of China in South Africa's exports rose from 1.7 percent to 11 percent. China is even more important for other emerging economies including Brazil, nearly 32 percent of whose exports go to China.

Furthermore, China is one of the few major developing countries that have committed to granting duty free treatment for up to 97 percent products made by less-developed countries. In fact, since 2008 China has been the top export destination for less-developed countries, absorbing about one-fourth of their total exports.

The WTO accession has not only made China more open and business-friendly, but also triggered systemic and comprehensive reform in the Chinese economy, and helped China include multilateral trade rules in its legal system.

"Cross the river by touching the stones" is a famous Chinese saying. In a sense, the WTO accession and the multilateral trade rules became those stones and helped China to cross the river of economic transformation.

At present, the multilateral trading system is going through one of the most difficult times in more than 70 years. Trade protectionism is spreading around the world. The WTO is in a deep crisis, with a vacuum of leadership, stalled multilateral negotiations, and paralyzed dispute settlement mechanisms.

An open, non-discriminatory and rules-based multilateral trading system that can keep pace with the times is indispensable for the growth of both the Chinese and the world economy. And given today's multi-polar world, China should promote a new pattern of collective leadership and good co-governance in the WTO.

Therefore, China must provide more public goods for WTO member states by opening up its market, promote win-win multilateral cooperation, and follow multilateral trade rules, so as to gain the trust of other WTO members.

As for the on-going WTO reform, China should actively participate in the process and firmly uphold open, inclusive and non-discriminatory principles, while preventing the multilateral trading system from moving toward protectionism.

In conclusion, while China's huge achievements during its 20 years of WTO membership are to be commended, the country must not rest on its successes. The task now is to find a way to restore multilateral cooperation, keep strengthening the system and deliver new reforms. In an increasingly interdependent and multi-polar world economy, it is our shared responsibility to bolster global economic cooperation-and to leave a strong and well-functioning trading system for the future generations.

The author is former deputy director-general of the World Trade Organization. 

The views don't necessarily reflect those of China Daily.

If you have a specific expertise, or would like to share your thought about our stories, then send us your writings at opinion@chinadaily.com.cn, and comment@chinadaily.com.cn.

Most Viewed in 24 Hours
China Views
Copyright 1995 - . All rights reserved. The content (including but not limited to text, photo, multimedia information, etc) published in this site belongs to China Daily Information Co (CDIC). Without written authorization from CDIC, such content shall not be republished or used in any form. Note: Browsers with 1024*768 or higher resolution are suggested for this site.
License for publishing multimedia online 0108263

Registration Number: 130349
做你的猫PR社,网红国产福利电影,美乳高清无码下载,国产原创麻豆剧三区,www啪啪岛国黄色,插痛卡一卡二卡三在线播放,国产闪现福利,91视频高三毕业金橘色,短视频国产91 超级AV网址| 国产人妖一区二区| 微拍精品一区2021大象| pr社吃完跑路的眼大王| 亚洲有码磁力链| 友田真希av一区二区在线观看| 极品人妻互换hx人妻互换| 午夜偷拍你懂的| 韩国主播浴室门把在线观看| 喷奶水av无码种子| 国产剧情情侣啪啪视频| 二阶堂ゆり肉欲中文字幕在线| 国产AV剧情精品迷晕警花| av果冻| pr社麻酥酥奶牛装无圣光| 吴梦梦在粉丝家实战视频高清| 门事件视频SWAG| cos黄专区MP4下载| 2021国产在线制服诱惑视频| 女同不卡| 韩国天堂自拍偷拍视频| 欧美大胆a级视频| pr社clear磁力| 四叶草性爱自拍| 96自拍偷拍区| 国产精品亚洲AV三区tim| 在线观看最热亚洲Av| 热韩国主播舞视频在线观看| 单男 国产| 全球残忍sm超级毛片在线| 户外露出福利视频| K网站大全日逼| pr萌汁社整理| 国产天天射天天干| 九九麻影院| 91自拍偷拍APP| 麻豆继母污污社区| pr社萌汁在线播放| 久久亚洲私人国产精品同性 - 百度| 黑田奈奈麻豆| 免费黄色网址在线观看不卡hongkongdoll| http://www.accesstoadvocacy.com http://www.iitate-madei.com http://www.aloe-vera-infos.com http://www.hatchedgallery.com http://www.parafarmaciaesserebenessere.com http://www.barbvalentemusic.com